Cardiovascular disease refers to a number of diseases that affect the heart itself and/or the blood vessel system.
A cardiovascular disease can occur when fatty material builds up in your arteries (the blood vessels that carry blood and nutrients to your organs). This process is called atherosclerosis.
It can start when you are young and be well advanced by the time you reach middle age.
If your arteries become too narrow, less blood can reach your heart muscle. This may lead to symptoms such as angina (chest pain). If a blood clot forms in the narrowed artery and completely blocks the blood supply to part of your heart, it can cause a heart attack. If this happens in the arteries that carry blood to your brain it can lead to a stroke. Other heart conditions, such as those that affect your heart's muscle, valves or rhythm, also are considered forms of heart disease. This process is very “silent”, there is no feeling of pain thus it is even more dangerous.
There are many things that can raise the risk for heart disease. Most risk factors that affect children can be controlled early in life, lowering the risk of heart disease later in life.
Early Prevention is the best and costless way to avoid a heart problem later in life.Some of the risk factors for heart disease cannot be modified, such as age, gender or the family history of heart diseases. But you can take steps to lower the risk by changing the factors you can modify.